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Congenital Blood Diseases

Congenital blood diseases are very common among the newborn babies. The children can suffer from various kinds of blood related diseases. The congenital diseases are those, which exist in the newborn babies and the signs and symptoms in the children range from mild to severe.

Among the congenital diseases prominent in the babies, the congenital blood diseases are quite common and these diseases are related with various kinds of disorders related to blood. The most common of the congenital blood diseases is anemia, which results from various reasons like excessive destruction of RBCs, inadequate production of RBCs or blood loss. Anemia can cause several complications among babies like paleness of the lips, mild skin paleness, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, etc.

The inadequate production of RBCs in the body leads to lack of hemoglobin in our body and since hemoglobin is the carrier of oxygen in our body, its lack result in insufficient oxygen supply. The reason of anemia in the babies in certain cases is hereditary.

The pregnant woman who is suffering from anemia can give birth to an anemic child. One of the common congenital disorders among the babies is spherocytic anemia, which results from defect of the surface layer of red blood cells. The red blood cells take a deformed shape and undergo a premature breakdown.

Among the congenital blood diseases, Haemophilia is a rare blood related disorder, which is inherited. In this type of disease, blood does not clot normally and the person suffers due to excessive bleeding for a longer time after an accident or injury. The babies suffering from Haemophilia have a low level of protein, which is essential for clotting.

Thalassaemia is another severe congenital blood disease, which occurs due to mild or severe anemia resulting from fewer red blood cells and reduced haemoglobin. It is an inherited disorder. Deep vein thrombosis is a blood disorder due to which blood clot forms in a vein deep inside the body, usually in the lower leg or thigh.

This clotting can be very serious and may even cause death. The child who has blood-clotting disorder in his or her family is prone to this disease. Another bleeding disorder, which is inherited by a child, is Von Willebrand disease, which is caused due to low level and low functionality of the protein. Various kinds of tests are available today, which identifies potential health risks of your baby.

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Congenital Diseases in Babies

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